On the east side of Puerta del Sol, in the heart of Madrid, is a statue entitled El Oso y El Madroño – The Bear and the Strawberry Tree – and this forms the heraldic symbol (Coat of Arms) of Madrid. Until 2009, the statue stood on the north side at the entrance to Calle del Carmen.
The statue is work of the sculptor Antonio Navarro Santafé (1906-1983) and was officially inaugurated in 1967. It is made of stone and bronze, weighs approximately 20 tonnes and stands 4 metres tall. It rests on a cube of granite..
The first appearance of a wild bear and a strawberry tree is on the coat of arms of the city in the 13th century.