Plants and Trees in Andalucia
Andalucia is home to a great variety of trees and wild flowers.
Ash tree / Fresno (Fraxinus)
Generally found near small brooks, springs and larger river valleys.
Chestnut Tree / Castaño (Castanea sativat) Likes moist areas and silica soil at altitudes of between 400 and 1000m.
Spanish Fir / Pinsapo (Abies Pinsapo)
In 1837, during one of his exploratory visits to the south of the Iberian Peninsula, the Swiss Botanist Edmond Boisser discovered a new species of tree: Abies Pinsapo, popularly known as the pinsapo pine or Spanish fir. Pinus pinaster aiton is also one of the most common and is highly resistant to cold so can be found even at 1700m. The Pinus halepensis prefers the lower slopes and is found up to 1200m. The third pine found in the area is Pino piñonero but Its presence is entirely due to reforestation.
Carib Tree / Algarrobo (Ceratonia siliqua)
Grows spontaneously in more remote areas and amongst the pines. It can withstand high temperatures and is found between 600 and 1000m.
Gall Oak / Quejigo (Quercus faqinea)
The common Quercus can be found all over the area.
Evergreen Oak / Encina (Quercus ilex).
Found all over the area.
Wild Olive / acebuche (Olea europea)
The wild olive tree is one of the species best adapted to the Mediterranean climate.
The Cork Oak is found mainly in Cadiz Province around Mount Alcornoque. Acorns are the staple diet of the black pigs whose cured ham – pata negra – is the local delicacy.
Juniper (Juniperus phoenicea)
The juniper is fairly in the region.
Enebro (Juniperus communis)
Polar / álamo, Willow / sauce, Maple / arce, Elm / olmo, Alder / aliso
Deciduous trees found along river valleys.
The following wild flowers can be found in the area:
Dwarf Convolulus, Pink Convolulus, Sea Lavender, Italian Sainfoin, Crown Daisy, Purple Vipers Bugloss, Prickly Pear, Barbary Fig, Star Thistle, Milk Thistle, Wild Gladioli, Broom, Spiny Broom, Honeysuckle, Sage, Bishops weed.