Red-billed Firefinch

The Red-billed Firefinch, Lagonosticta senegala, is a small passerine bird, an estrildid finch, which grows to about ten centimetres in length.

Red-billed Firefinch

The adult male has scarlet plumage apart from brown wings. The bill is pink and it has a distinctive yellow eye-ring. Females have brown upperparts and buff underparts, a small red patch in front of both eyes and the bill is pink.

Red-billed Firefinch

The Red-billed Firefinch eats a variety of small seeds.

Red-billed Firefinch

The nest is a large grass structure with a side entrance, built low in a bush or wall. The female lays three to six white eggs but may well end up with more chicks as it is the preferred target for the cuckoo-like Village Indigobird.

Red-billed Firefinch

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Estrildidae
Genus: Lagonosticta
Species: L. senegala

Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu

The Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu, Uraeginthus bengalus, is a small passerine bird, an estrildid finch, growing up to around 12 centimetres in length. The first photo is a male and female together.

Red-cheeked Cordon Bleu

The adult male has brown upperparts, lovely pale blue breast, flanks and tail, a lighter coloured belly and a red patch on each cheek. Females are a bit duller and do not have the red cheek spot. Juvenile birds are like the female, but with the blue restricted to the face and throat.

Red-cheeked Cordon Bleu

The nest is a large grass structure with a side entrance, usually built in a tree or bush. The female lays four to six white eggs.

Red-cheeked Cordon Bleu

The Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu feeds mainly on grass and other small seeds.

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Estrildidae
Genus: Uraeginthus
Species: U. bengalus

Red Kite

Red KiteThe Red Kite, Milvus milvus, is a medium-large bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, beautiful to watch as it circles high and low in the sky.

Formerly very scarce in the UK and on the brink of extinction, it was reintroduced into various parts of the country and has flourished, having few or no natural predators except for humans. The Red Kite became extinct in many European countries but has since been reintroduced.

The main threats to Red Kite are poisoning, either deliberate illegal poisoning or indirect poisoning due to pesticides, particularly in the wintering areas in France and Spain, changes in agricultural practices causing a reduction in food resources, hunting, egg collection and deforestation.

The Red Kite is between 60 and 66 centimetres long, has a wingspan up to 195 centimetres and weighs up to 1.3 kilos.

It eats carrion, worms and small mammals.

Order: Falconiformes (or Accipitriformes)
Family: Accipitridae
Subfamily: Milvinae
Genus: Milvus
Species: M. milvus

Red Kite Red Kite Red Kite Red Kite

Red Kite Red Kite Red Kite

Redshank

The Common Redshank or just Redshank, Tringa totanus, is a wader belonging to the large family Scolopacidae.

Redshank

Common Redshanks are a mottled brown colour in breeding plumage but in winter plumage they become lighter and less patterned, plain greyish-brown above and whitish below. They have bright orangey-red legs and a black-tipped red bill, and show white up the back and on the wings in flight.

They eat insects, earthworms, molluscs and crustaceans, probing into soil and mud with their bills.

Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Scolopacidae
Genus: Tringa
Species: T. totanus

Redwing

The Redwing, Turdus iliacus, is a bird in the thrush family Turdidae and is native to Europe and Asia.

Redwing

It has brown back, brown spots on its white belly, a creamy strip above the eye and orangey-red patches on the flank.

The Redwing is around 24 centimetres long, has a wingspan of 33 to 34.5 centimetres and weighs between 50 and 75 grams. The sexes are very similar.

Redwing

It eats berries and worms.

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Turdidae
Genus: Turdus
Species: T. iliacus

Red-Legged Partridge

The Red-Legged Partridge, Alectoris rufa, is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae.

Red-legged Partridge

It is quite plump and rounded with a light brown back, grey breast and buff belly. The face is white with a black collar around the neck and the legs are, as the name might suggest, red.

The Red-Legged Partridge breeds naturally in south western Europe, France and Iberia but has become naturalised in parts of England and Wales after being initially introduced as a game species.

Red Legged Partridge

It mainly eats seeds although the young will also often eat insects.

Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Perdicinae
Genus: Alectoris
Species: A. rufa

Reed Bunting

Reed BuntingThe Reed Bunting, Emberiza schoeniclus, is a passerine bird in the bunting family Emberizidaeand is found across Europe and much of temperate and northern Asia.

It is about the size of a Sparrow but a bit slimmer and with a longer, notched tail.

The male has a black head and throat, white neck collar and underparts, and a heavily streaked brown back. The female is much duller, with a streaked brown head, and is more streaked below.

It eats seeds and insects.

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Emberizidae
Genus: Emberiza
Species: E. schoeniclus

Reed Bunting Reed Bunting, male Reed Bunting Reed Bunting

Robin

The Robin, Erithacus rubecula, is many people’s favourite bird. Males and females are almost identical, both with the distinctive red breast. Juveniles are brown with spots, no red breast.

Robin in song

Although very friendly birds, Robins are extremely territorial and do not like intruders, generally chasing them off.

Robins eat worms, seeds, fruits and insects.

Robins were originally classed as members of the thrush family, Turdidae, but are now considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae.

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Erithacus
Species: E. rubecula

Baby Robin

Baby Robin

Roller

Abyssinian Roller

Lovely shades of blue and an impressively long, forked tail are the hallmarks of the Abyssinian Roller, Coracias abyssinicus, a fairly large bird at 28 to 30 centimetres in length. The tail can be up to 12 centimetres long.

Abyssinian Roller

The Abyssinian Roller often sits on overhead cables, watching for large insects or small rodents.

It nests in holes in trees or buildings and usually lays three to six eggs.

Abyssinian Roller

Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Coraciidae
Genus: Coracias
Species: C. abyssinicus

Blue-bellied Roller

This would appear to be a Blue-bellied Roller, Coracias cyanogaster, a medium.sized bird growing up to around 30 centimetres in length.

Blue-bellied Roller

The Blue-bellied Roller often perches on trees, posts or overhead wires as it watches out for grasshoppers and other large insects, which are its main diet.

It nests in a hole in a tree.

Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Coraciidae
Genus: Coracias
Species: C. cyanogaster

Rook

The Rook, Corvus frugilegus, is a passerine bird in the Corvidae family, similar in size to the Carrion Crow at between 45 and 47 centimetres in length.

Rook

Very social birds, rarely seen on their own, Rooks are readily distinguished from similar members of the crow family by the bare grey-white skin around the base of the beak in front of the eyes.

Rooks mainly eat worms, insects and grain but will also eat small mammals, small birds and eggs and, on occasion, fruit.

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Corvidae
Genus: Corvus
Species: C. frugilegus