Formerly very scarce in the UK and on the brink of extinction, it was reintroduced into various parts of the country and has flourished, having few or no natural predators except for humans. The Red Kite became extinct in many European countries but has since been reintroduced.
The main threats to Red Kite are poisoning, either deliberate illegal poisoning or indirect poisoning due to pesticides, particularly in the wintering areas in France and Spain, changes in agricultural practices causing a reduction in food resources, hunting, egg collection and deforestation.
The Red Kite is between 60 and 66 centimetres long, has a wingspan up to 195 centimetres and weighs up to 1.3 kilos.
It eats carrion, worms and small mammals.
Order: Falconiformes (or Accipitriformes)
Species: M. milvus
Common Redshanks are a mottled brown colour in breeding plumage but in winter plumage they become lighter and less patterned, plain greyish-brown above and whitish below. They have bright orangey-red legs and a black-tipped red bill, and show white up the back and on the wings in flight.
They eat insects, earthworms, molluscs and crustaceans, probing into soil and mud with their bills.
Species: T. totanus
It has brown back, brown spots on its white belly, a creamy strip above the eye and orangey-red patches on the flank.
The Redwing is around 24 centimetres long, has a wingspan of 33 to 34.5 centimetres and weighs between 50 and 75 grams. The sexes are very similar.
It eats berries and worms.
Species: T. iliacus
It is quite plump and rounded with a light brown back, grey breast and buff belly. The face is white with a black collar around the neck and the legs are, as the name might suggest, red.
The Red-Legged Partridge breeds naturally in south western Europe, France and Iberia but has become naturalised in parts of England and Wales after being initially introduced as a game species.
It mainly eats seeds although the young will also often eat insects.
Species: A. rufa
It is about the size of a Sparrow but a bit slimmer and with a longer, notched tail.
The male has a black head and throat, white neck collar and underparts, and a heavily streaked brown back. The female is much duller, with a streaked brown head, and is more streaked below.
It eats seeds and insects.
Species: E. schoeniclus
The Common Ringed Plover or Ringed Plover, Charadrius hiaticula, is a small plover, very similar to the Little Ringed Plover, with a grey-brown back and wings, white belly, white breast with one black band at the neck, a brown cap, white forehead, black mask around the eyes but with a short orange and black bill. The legs are orange (pinkish on the Little Ringed Plover) and unlike with the Little Ringed Plover there is no yellow ring around the eyes.
The Ringed Plover is migratory and can be found near freshwater, often in the vicinity of beaches. It feeds on crustaceans, insects and worms.
Species: C. hiaticula
Although very friendly birds, Robins are extremely territorial and do not like intruders, generally chasing them off.
Robins eat worms, seeds, fruits and insects.
Robins were originally classed as members of the thrush family, Turdidae, but are now considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae.
Species: E. rubecula
Very social birds, rarely seen on their own, Rooks are readily distinguished from similar members of the crow family by the bare grey-white skin around the base of the beak in front of the eyes.
Rooks mainly eat worms, insects and grain but will also eat small mammals, small birds and eggs and, on occasion, fruit.
Species: C. frugilegus