Birds by Name – F

Falcon

Lanner Falcon

Lanner Falcon

Lanner Falcon

Peregrine Falcon

Bird of Prey

Peregrine Falcon

Fieldfare

The Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris, is a member of the thrush family Turdidae. It breeds in woodland and scrub in northern Europe and Asia and is strongly migratory.

Fieldfare

The Fieldfare is omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects and earthworms in summer, and berries in winter.

It is usually between 22 and 27 cm long, and has a plain brown back, white underwings and grey rump and back of the head head. The breast has a reddish tint and both the breast area and flanks are heavily spotted. There is not much difference between the sexes when it comes to colouring.

The Fieldfare is quite a social bird, often seen in large flocks.

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Turdidae
Genus: Turdus
Species: T. pilaris

Firefinch

Red-billed Firefinch

The Red-billed Firefinch, Lagonosticta senegala, is a small passerine bird, an estrildid finch, which grows to about ten centimetres in length.

Red-billed Firefinch

The adult male has scarlet plumage apart from brown wings. The bill is pink and it has a distinctive yellow eye-ring. Females have brown upperparts and buff underparts, a small red patch in front of both eyes and the bill is pink.

Red-billed Firefinch

The Red-billed Firefinch eats a variety of small seeds.

Red-billed Firefinch, female

The nest is a large grass structure with a side entrance, built low in a bush or wall. The female lays three to six white eggs but may well end up with more chicks as it is the preferred target for the cuckoo-like Village Indigobird.

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Estrildidae
Genus: Lagonosticta
Species: L. senegala

Flamingo

Andean Flamingo

The Andean Flamingo, Phoenicopterus andinus, is one of the rarest flamingos and its status is listed as ‘vulnerable’ by the IUCN. It is native to the wetlands of the high Andes mountain range from southern Peru to north-western Argentina and northern Chile.

Andean Flamingo

The Andean Flamingo is migratory bird, spending the summer in salt lakes and the winter in the wetlands. They are known to travel up to 1,100 kilometres in one day when on the move.

It has a pale pink body, bright upper area, deep pink lower neck, breast, and wing-coverts and is the only flamingo species with yellow legs and three-toed feet. The bill is pale yellow and black.

The Andean Flamingo is a filter-feeder with a wide diet and will eat everything from fish to algae.

Order: Phoenicopteriformes
Family: Phoenicopteridae
Genus: Phoenicopterus
Species: P. andinus

Caribbean Flamingo

Caribbean Flamingo

Chilean Flamingo

Chilean Flamingp

Flycatcher

European Pied Flycatcher

The European Pied Flycatcher, Ficedula hypoleuca, is a small passerine bird which breeds throughout most of Europe and western Asia.

Pied Flycatcher

It grows to around 13 centimetres in length and the breeding male is mainly black above and white below. It has a white wing patch, white tail sides and a small patch on the forehead.

Pied Flycatcher

The bill is quite broad but very short, as with many flycatchers. In addition to hunting on the wing, the Pied Flycatcher will also eat caterpillars and other insects from the ground or on the foliage of oak trees.

The female will lay between four and ten eggs in an open nest built in a hole in a tree.

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Ficedula
Species: F. hypoleuca

Northern Black Flycatcher

Northern Black Flycatcher

Red-bellied Paradise Flycatcher

The Red-bellied Paradise Flycatcher, Terpsiphone rufiventer, is a medium-sized bird, the adult male growing to around 17 centimetres plus a tail of similar proportions. The female lacks the long tail streamers.

Red-bellied Paradise Flycatcher

In the adult male, the head is black, the body and wings are chestnut brown and it has a black wingbar. The female is duller and juveniles are plain brown.

Red-bellied Paradise Flycatcher

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Monarchidae
Genus: Terpsiphone
Species: T. rufiventer

Spotted Flycatcher

The Spotted Flycatcher, Muscicapa striata, is a small passerine bird which breeds throughout most of Europe and western Asia.

Spotted Flycatcher

It is migratory and winters in Africa and parts of south western Asia.

Spotted Flycatcher

It is a greyish-brown colour on its upperparts and buff-white on the belly. It has a streaked crown and breast, short black bill and short black legs. Juveniles are generally browner than adults and have spots on the upperparts.

The Spotted Flycatcher hunts from an open perch, often low level, such as a branch or fence. It sits and watches and then makes a short sortie to grab passing insects. It will often return to the same perch a number of times.

The Spotted Flycatcher is found in parks, gardens and woodland areas. The female generally lays between four and six eggs.

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Muscicapa
Species: M. striata

Francolin

Double-spurred Francolin

Double-spurred Francolin