The Ferruginous Duck, Aythya nyroca, is a rich mahogany red dabbling duck which is in decline throughout Europe. The males have white eyes and a greyish bill with a black tip. They also have a patch of white at the back under the tail which helps distinguish them from the fairly similar Tufted duck.
Their breeding habitat is marshes and lakes with a metre or more water depth in southern and eastern Europe and southern and western Asia. They often winter farther south and into north Africa.
They eat aquatic plants supplemented with a few molluscs, aquatic insects and small fish.
Species: A. nyroca
The Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris, is a member of the thrush family Turdidae. It breeds in woodland and scrub in northern Europe and Asia and is strongly migratory.
The Fieldfare is omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects and earthworms in summer, and berries in winter.
It is usually between 22 and 27 cm long, and has a plain brown back, white underwings and grey rump and back of the head head. The breast has a reddish tint and both the breast area and flanks are heavily spotted. There is not much difference between the sexes when it comes to colouring.
The Fieldfare is quite a social bird, often seen in large flocks.
Species: T. pilaris
The African Paradise Flycatcher, Terpsiphone viridis, is a medium-sized passerine bird, growing to about 17 centimetres in length.
It has a black head, neck and underparts and chestnut-brown wings and tail. It also has a white wingbar. The female is browner on its underparts and lacks the white wingbar. Juveniles are similar to the female only a bit duller in colour.
A couple of these birds would alternate with the Pygmy Kingfisher in occupying a vine near the freshwater pool as they waited to swoop down for flies or bugs for their lunch or dinner. Always one after the other, never together.
The nest of the Paradise Flycatcher is very small and built in a tree. Two or three eggs are normally laid.
Surprisingly, it eats flies and other insects.
Species: T. viridis
The Red-bellied Paradise Flycatcher, Terpsiphone rufiventer, is a medium-sized bird, the adult male growing to around 17 centimetres plus a tail of similar proportions. The female lacks the long tail streamers, so this one is a female.
In the adult male, the head is black, the body and wings are chestnut brown and it has a black wingbar. The female is duller and juveniles are plain brown.
Species: T. rufiventer